Acne Scarring Treatment & Causes

Acne can affect people of any age, but the skin condition most commonly occurs in teenagers who are experiencing hormonal changes. It can be mild, causing an occasional pimple, moderate, leading to inflammatory papules, or severe with many cysts and nodules. When acne appears on your skin, it can shake your self-confidence. Acne can also result in unsightly scars on the face and body. Fortunately, there are a multitude of acne treatment options for acne scars. To target the best acne treatment for your specific situation, it’s important to understand the causes of acne scars.

What is an Acne Scar?

An acne scar is the result of inflammation within the dermis of the skin after a breakout. Once a lesion heals, it can leave behind a pigmented mark on the skin. The skin can take between 6 and 12 months to fully heal. If the mark left from the breakout does not go away within a year, you can contribute the spot to an acne scar.

How Scars are Formed

Each acne lesion has the natural ability to heal itself. Sometimes, this process can result in too much collagen in one area. When this occurs, a scar is formed. Every pimple results in loss or formation of tissues. The loss of tissue results in milder scars, while formation of new, thicker tissue can result in more severe scars.

Types of Acne Scars

There are several types of acne scars that range from mild to severe. Each of these types of acne scars must be treated in their own way to achieve the best results. More severe types of acne scars can be difficult to treat and may never fully disappear. Finding a quality acne treatment for your scar type can help with the process.

Ice Pick Scars: Ice pick scars make the skin appear to have been pierced by a needle. These scars are often narrow and deep and extend to the dermis. Ice pick scars are usually the result of a deep blemish or caused from cystic acne.

Rolling Scars: Rolling scars appear as a wave of scars over the skin. They are formed when fibrous bands of tissues are created in between layers of skin.

Boxcar Scars: Boxcar scars are slightly wider than icepick scars and contain oval or round depressions in the skin. They form as a result of tissue loss from a severe breakout.

Keloid Scars: Also known as hypertrophic scars, keloid scars appear as firm, raised masses of tissue. They are usually larger than the original acne in size, and are commonly found on the body, such as back acne scars.

Treatment for Acne Scars

Before you decide on a treatment for acne scars, you will first need to treat any active acne. It may be best to schedule a visit to your dermatologist to determine the best acne scar treatment for your type of acne. Whether you plan to use natural remedies for acne scars or commercial brands, it’s best to find something that works and stick to it.

Creams and Lotions: Acne creams and lotions can be purchased over the counter or can be prescribed by your doctor. These products are generally meant to reduce small scars, such as keloid scars. Acne creams and lotions can be used to treat facial or body scars, such as back acne scars. Most of these products contain retinal, glycolic acid, and vitamin C.

Chemical Peels: Chemical peels are an effective treatment for acne scars and is considered one of the best acne scar treatments by many who have tried them. They are aimed at improving the texture of damaged skin, resulting in a smooth, even surface. Chemicals peels are ideal for minor scars, and are usually not effective on deep scars, such as ice pick scars.

Surgical Treatments

One of the best acne scar treatment options is surgery. It provides a solution to all types of acne scars. There are many types of surgical procedures that work as an effective acne cure. Most are minor out-patient surgeries that can be completed within an hour or two.

Dermal Fillers: Dermal fillers involve the injection of collagen beneath the scars. This causes the scars to rise to the level of surrounding skin for a smoother skin surface.

Subcutaneous Incision: Subcutaneous incisions refer to a method of cutting deep scar tissue away from the skin. Blood clots below the scarred tissues then elevate.

Dermabrasion: Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion are both processes used to exfoliate the skin, peeling off the scarred layer to reveal a new layer of skin.

Acne Laser Treatment

Among the many acne cure options is an acne laser treatment. An acne laser treatment is typically safe, effective, and painless in most cases. During the treatment, the laser shrinks the oil glands below the surface of the skin, reducing their oil-producing abilities. Laser treatments for acne can be used on nearly any area of the body that contains scars. Some common types of acne laser treatment types include laser resurfacing, blue light therapy, pulsed light and heat energy, and diode laser treatment.

Natural Remedies for Acne Scars

Does lemon juice help acne scars? There are a wide range of natural remedies for acne scars that makes for an effective acne cure for many types of mild to moderate acne. One of these natural remedies for acne scars includes the application of lemon juice. Does lemon juice help acne scars? Yes, lemon juice contains natural properties, such as vitamins B, C, and E, as well as potassium and calcium. How exactly does lemon juice help acne scars? Freshly squeezed lemon juice contains Alpha Hydroxy Acids, which slough off old skin cells and promote new cell growth.

Other Tips for Acne-Prone Skin

If you are unable to find an acne cure that works for you, there are other ways to hide your acne. Whether you have back acne scars or scars on your face, chest, or shoulders, there is a solution in makeup for acne scars. There are many choices when selecting makeup for acne scars. Foundation, loose powder, concealer, and tinted moisturizer can also be used as makeup for acne scars. Applying these cosmetics in layers can help to hide unsightly scars on any area of the face or body.