Acne and Other Skin Conditions

Acne is so common among teenagers, it can almost be thought of as a rite of passage. Due to changes in hormones that occur in the early teen years, almost all teenagers will have at least one outbreak or pimple. Acne, however, is often just the start. Over the course of a lifetime, teenagers could end up dealing with a myriad range of skin conditions including eczema, rosacea, and psoriasis. Some of these skin conditions may mimic acne and be difficult to treat if not properly diagnosed. Others such as contact or drug allergies, skin fungal infections, and nail diseases can increase in severity if untreated. As teenagers mature issues such as wrinkles and skin cosmetic treatments may also be of importance.

Acne Vulgaris

Acne is one of the most common skin diseases. The condition occurs when pores become clogged in the face, causing an inflammatory response. Clogging occurs due to an overproduction of oil by the skin along with a buildup of dead skin cells. As a result, various type of lesions pop up including pimples, whiteheads, and cysts. These lesions can be painful and cause permanent scarring. Although acne frequently affects the face, a number of individuals will also have breakouts on various parts of the body with the back and upper chest area usually affected.

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is an allergic response affecting the whole body that physically shows up as inflamed skin or eczema. For many the conditions causes’ red, dry, scaly, or flaky patches to appear. Often, teenagers with this condition will have a persistent itch that makes it difficult to concentrate on much else. Why atopic dermatitis occurs is not fully known, but it is thought to be an overreaction by the immune system to environmental factors. For some these triggers may be certain foods like peanuts. Allergens such as mold, grass, cigarette smoke, and stress could also be the cause.

 

Contact Allergy

Contact Allergies or contact eczema is a skin outbreak localized to a specific region of the body. The burning is triggered by the skin physically encountering some substance that causes irritation. Usually, the condition shows up on the hands where it appears a multiple small red lesions. The condition can be divided into irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. Irritant dermatitis occurs due to repetitive use of a substance such as soap when washing hands. Allergic contact dermatitis, however, happens when exposure to known allergens such as poison ivy or latex occurs. Either type can cause burning and itching symptoms but rashes are likely to occur if the cause is an allergic response.

Drug Allergy

A drug allergy is an allergic reaction caused by taking a drug. These reactions can cause a number of symptoms including difficulty breathing and swelling. Skin reactions, however, are the most common symptoms and hives, rashes, or blisters might crop up. Drugs likely to cause reactions include penicillin’s and painkillers. Any drug, however, could cause a reaction.

Fungal Infections Of The Skin

Various types of fungi may live and grow on the skin. Heat and humidity are the perfect breeding ground for these fungi, allowing them to rapidly grow and irritate the skin. Ringworm is a type of skin fungal infection that causes characteristic curved patches on skin, which are usually itchy and scaly. Yeast, a type of fungi, can also cause skin irritation when these microorganisms grow in large numbers. Candidiasis also simply known as yeast infections, often occur on genital areas, in skin folds, and in the mouth. Symptoms of candidiasis include redness, pain, and burning with urination caused by the urine touching inflamed areas of the skin as it leaves the body. Tinea versicolor, changes in the pigment of affected skin, can also be caused by yeast.

Hand Eczema

Individuals who notice that the skin on their hands constantly flakes and itches may have hand eczema. When the condition has been present for a few months, oozing blisters and thick calluses may form. Various parts of the hand may be affected by the condition including the palms, sides, and backs. Aggravating factors causing this condition include infections, genetics, and allergic responses. Usually, this condition indicates a lack of skin moisture and can increase in severity if the hands are exposed to dry air.

 

Nails: Common Diseases Of The Nail

The nails can suffer from a wide variety of diseases. The most likely culprit is onychomycosis a fungal nail infection. Usually, the infection is seen in those who have had a fungal infection on the feet, which then spreads to the toenails. Because the feet stay warm and moist while wearing socks and shoes most of the day, this area of the body is much more likely to suffer a fungal nail infection than the hands. Once the nail is affected, it thickens, crumbles, because brittle, and discolors. Ingrown toenails are another common foot ailment that occur when the nail curves and penetrates into the nail bed, growing into it instead of alongside it. This cut into the nail bed allows infection to enter and redness, swelling, and pus drainage may occur.

Psoriasis
In individuals with psoriasis skin cell turnover occurs much quicker than it does for the average person. This rapid growth causes a scaly buildup on the surface of the skin. Considered a chronic infection, sufferers with psoriasis go through periods of relatively normal skin then periods of flare-ups. The locations of the body where the condition can show up vary and include the face, feet, nails, genitals, and scalp. Medications, stress, and even vaccinations have all been identified as possible causes of psoriasis.

Rosacea

Rosacea causes inflammation on the face that is often mistaken for acne. With rosacea, however, the symptoms experienced are different and the origin of the condition is not understood. Common symptoms by those with rosacea include a burning sensation on the face, easy flushing, and watery eyes. Growth, thickness, and redness of the nose may also occur in rhinophyma, a severe form of rosacea, which only affects the nose.

Skin Cosmetic Treatments

Cosmetic treatments are interventions that can temporarily repair wrinkles and other symptoms of aging. One of the most popular is Botox, a neurotoxin inserted into the face to halt muscle contracts and flatten out frown lines, neckbands, and crow’s feet. Another way to treat wrinkles is by exposing skin below the surface area. As this skin heals, it will look smoother and tighter. Issues such as acne scars, blemishes, dullness, and changes in color will also be improved. Revealing this newer skin can be done using a laser or chemical peels to burn away dead skin. Microdermabrasion, which buffs off old surface skin, can also be done.

Wrinkles

Wrinkles are just ridges in the skin formed as proteins in the skin break down, causing a loss of smoothness and tightness. Wrinkles affect nearly everyone, occur all over the body, and generally start to appear around middle age. While getting older, teenagers should be aware that certain behaviors are associated with causing wrinkles and making them appear in younger people. Some of these factors include smoking, sun damage, and poor diets.